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Best Indoor Grow Lights for Farming Success

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Best Indoor Grow Lights

Choosing the best indoor grow lights depends on a few factors. Powerful enough light is needed to cover the area in which the desired crop will grow, and that can vary depending on whether you have a dedicated space for cuttings and clones or whether the crop grows to maturity in the same location.

Another factor is if you want an off-road light or if you are going to complement it with other Led grow and bloom grow lamps.

Lastly, with the best indoor grow lights, you don’t have to worry about frequent bulb replacement, weight, or heat.

Let’s take a closer look at the best indoor grow lights for growth sorted by their coverage area. That will help you match a light to the size of your grow space.

Things to Consider When Choosing The Best Indoor Grow Lights

Here are some of the most important things to consider when choosing the best indoor grow light option:

  • Space to light: The first thing to consider is the area you need to cover. This information is vital in deciding how many light panels you need and which type will achieve the best coverage. To illuminate more space, more lights can be placed adjacent to each other.
  • The growth plant stages: If you need a complete growth cycle, you can select full spectrum indoor grow lights to assist in all phases (growth and flowering) such as LEDs.
  • Lens angle: Find what tilt or angle your lamp needs. Larger angles mean more coverage, while smaller angles mean less scattering and more direct light.
  • Your budget: They can be adjusted to your pocket.

The Best Indoor Grow Lights

Among the main options for interior lighting most used, we will find sodium kits, metal halide, fluorescent, and energy-saving light bulbs. All are worth it and are suitable for growing indoors, but some offer better benefits and yields than others. Let’s see them.

1- HPS (High-Pressure Sodium)

These types of lights can have a lifespan of 10,000 hours with 100 – 130 lumens per watt.

As we can see, HPS (High-Pressure Sodium) bulbs are the most inefficient lighting technology that exists due to their light spectrum loaded with green and yellow, which have a deficient physiological and photosynthetic response from our plants. These provide large amounts of light (photons) at a very low price, only that they radiate a lot of heat that is not transformed into light.

These are the most widely used lighting kits today, given their low cost and good performance. Production with a 600w lighting kit is usually around 600 grams and of good quality.

2- HM (Metal halides)

These types of lights can last for 10,000 hours, with 70 – 85 lumens per watt.

Metal halides (HM) like HPS are quite inefficient in producing a full spectrum, and like HPS, they are loaded with green and yellow colors. Furthermore, they have hardly any reds and far reds, essential colors for chlorophyll a. However, they have a significant amount of blue for the plant’s vegetative growth and ultraviolet for a more considerable amount of resin in the last flowering stages.

Many producers have supported their sodium lighting kits with halides to get that extra ultraviolet and a much more complete spectrum.

It must be said that HMs are still one of the most widely used products due to the high amount of blues and ultraviolets that they are capable of producing at a very low price, even though they are among the most inefficient. These lighting equipment are usually used only for growth or support in flowering.

3- Fluorescent

These types of lights can be the most basic and have a useful life of 5,000 hours with just 75 – 95 lumens per watt.

Fluorescents have a much more balanced spectrum and a much higher efficiency (they do not lose energy in the form of heat). But they present great inefficiencies in the number of photons that they deliver (intensity of light). This big obstacle makes them not viable for flowering since the yield will be inferior. However, they are among the most outstanding options for healthy mothers’ growth and cuttings with low consumption. And they hardly generate heat.

4- High Power LED (high power LEDs)

These lights are the most attractive and can last up to 50,000 hours with 80 – 180 lumens per watt.

LEDs are a continually developing technology, and the advantage of LEDs is that you can configure your own spectrum to your liking. However, quality LEDs and their optics and cooling systems are still quite expensive, around $ 4 per watt. Therefore, it is costly to obtain a high photon flux density with LEDs. With a more inefficient bulb such as the HPS, a higher photon flux is obtained (which translates into more production) at the cost of higher electricity consumption and a worse spectrum of light.

There are also support LEDs for the cultivation, which complement the normal sodium spectrum (HPS). They are usually in a growing, flowering version and with an interchangeable spectrum.

It is the technology of the future without a doubt, but at the moment, quality LEDs are costly and also require expensive cooling systems and optical lenses for their use to be correct. The production with LED lamps varies a lot depending on the type of spotlight, so a real estimate cannot be made.

5- CMH (Ceramic Metal Halide)

This variety of lights can last up to 12,000 hours, with 120 – 130 lumens per watt.

Ceramic metal halides are the latest technology in terms of lighting for indoor cannabis cultivation. These bulbs are not too expensive for the amount of light they offer. They are very efficient in generating a very high photon density flux, which transforms the energy consumed into light and not heat, being more effective in producing light while reducing the heat in your crop.

But the cherry on top of this technology, as we can see, is its spectrum. CHM LEC bulbs best mimic the color spectrum of sunlight. The result is more productive and healthy plants, with little electricity consumption or generating a lot of heat. The only problem is that they need a specific ballast that is expensive to use; however, the bulbs last 12,000 hours and offer an impressive final quality, something we were not used to.

Nowadays, when buying LEC lighting kits, they are undoubtedly the most demanded by growers, given their high efficiency, the amount of light they give, and their light spectrum. They also achieve productions of up to 1.8 grams per watt, achieving the best gram/watt ratio and with maximum quality.

6- DE-HPS (Double Ended High-Pressure Sodium)

These types of lights can last up to 32,000 hours, with 135 – 145 lumens per watt.

DE-HPS this acronym for Double Ended High-Pressure Sodium (Double Ended High-Pressure Sodium). It is so-called because the bulb fits into a connector with two ends. When it comes to photon flux density, DE-HPS is king. DE-HPS luminaires can emit large amounts of light much more significant than those of a traditional HPS and have an infinitely higher spectrum than HPS, with more blues and ultraviolet and deep and far reds.

These bulbs are the best if you want to have a high density of photons using the least amount of watts possible since they cover a large space providing a high density of photon flux, and all this without underestimating efficiency or spectrum. The only downside is that these bulbs need a somewhat expensive specific ballast to use them, but they are one of the most used in indoor agriculture.

7- DE-CMH (Double Ended Ceramic Metal Halide)

These types of lights have a useful life of 12,000 hours with 125 – 135 lumens per watt.

DE-CMH (Double Ended Ceramic Metal Halide), this technology is the latest in horticultural lighting and combines the concepts of double-ended bulbs with ceramic metal halide bulbs. They offer large amounts of photons and a complete spectrum. Without a doubt, the best type of lighting for indoor growing. Maximum efficiency and a full spectrum.

It would be equivalent to 1000W sodium (HPS), but with much less consumption (only 630w) and with a much better final quality thanks to its complete spectrum. And they achieve productions of up to 1.8 grams/watt.

What are The Benefits of Indoor Grow Lights?

Indoor grow lights have evolved by improving the amount of heat emitted and the need for an adequate ventilation system to prevent heat build-up. This has made it possible for these types of lights to be available to many individuals.

There are lights such as LED lights that occupy a minimal amount of space, do not generate extra heat, some do not need frequent bulb changes, do not have counterweights to manage, and use less electricity than other methods. They also have the following benefits::

  1. Economy:

The cost of the price of electricity and the lower generation of heat makes the kilowatt’s value to illuminate and ventilate much cheaper than the methods that were available until now.

  1. Consistent and Easy to Install:

These lights offer a very compact structure that is very easy to use. No specific knowledge is needed to get them installed. Simply have a suitable place to hang it above the plants at the required distance.

  1. No need for extra ventilation:

These lights do not emit much heat, and there is no need to have an additional ventilation system.

  1. Can be installed adjacent to each other:

Thanks to their compact design, most of them can be installed adjacent to each other to provide further coverage.

  1. Variety and control:

Its wavelengths can be easily adjusted. Also, the growth and flowering modes can be easily selected on all lights.

We hope this information gives you good results and you can enjoy the best indoor grow lights for your plants. Good luck and happy harvest!

How Big is an Acre?

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How Big is an Acre

Whether you’re looking for a homestead or want to buy a piece of land for agricultural purposes, it is important that you know about different units of land area. The most important unit of the land area is an acre. The acre is very commonly used to describe land pieces all over the USA and even the UK. So, if you’re new to the field of land ownership and you want to gain some knowledge, you’ve definitely come to the right place. In this article, we’re going to tell you what an Acre is, how big an Acre of land is, how much would you be able to buy an acre of land depending upon the location it is in, and much more.

So, sit back, relax, and make sure that you read this article till the end.

What is an Acre?

An acre is a unit of land area which is defined by one chain by one furlong which is 66 by 660 feet which are approximately 4,047 m2. In comparison to a hectare of land, the Acre is 60% smaller as there are 2.47 acres in a hectare. In the olden days, the acre was considered the amount of land which could be plowed by a yoke of oxen in a day, which if you think about it, was understandable for that age. Now, however, American and European agriculturists and landowners use the terms for sizing land pieces. An acre is most commonly used in the land area measurements of the United Kingdom and the United States of America but it is also used around other parts of the world in order to measure land pieces.

How Big is an Acre of Land?

You might be wondering how big an acre really is. Well, that’s what we’re here to tell you. An acre roughly translates to 43,560 square feet. This is a lot of land area if you ask a professional. Especially depending upon the use that has for the land. You may use an acre of land for different purposes and we assure you that it is going to be big enough for that requirement. The most accurate representation of the size of an Acre is a football field. An acre is about 70% of a football field. This may actually help you put things into perspective and get a rough idea of how big an acre really is. However, if you’re still not convinced, let us give you a practical understanding of how huge an acre of land really is.

Well, if you’re walking at a speed of 3mph, and you’re looking to traverse the distance of one acre, you’re going to have to walk for 1 minute and 12 seconds in order to traverse the entire area. This shows how great the size of one acre is, especially if you’re looking for land of one acre for homesteading or personal usage purposes.

Comparison of an Acre with Different Objects

In order to give you a more accurate depiction of how much an Acre really looks like, we’re going to compare some pieces of land and some object’s sizes to an Acre of land. Here are the different things that form an Acre.

Potatoes to an Acre – This might be a strange comparison but in order to make an acre of land area covered, you’d have to place a straight line of around 1580 potatoes. The potatoes can be 5-6 inches in size. This shows the humongous size of an acre of the land area if you’re looking to own it for personal or business purposes.

Houses to an Acre – If you’re thinking about how many houses would be able to fit into an acre of land, you’re going to be surprised by this fact that around 18 2,400 square feet houses can easily fit within an acre of land area. This is incredibly amazing. And if you’re looking to start a homestead on your own, this is a good starting point.

Parking Spaces – Still curious about the vastness of an acre? Well, don’t worry because we’ve got you covered. Let’s compare parking spaces with an acre. If you’re thinking of placing parking spaces within an acre, you can actually place 156 parking places comfortably without worrying about space problems.

Tennis Courts – If you’re a tennis fan and want to know how an acre compares to tennis courts in number, then here’s a comparison for you. You can actually place around 15 average-sized tennis courts into an acre if you want to.

Note that these comparisons are just to give you an accurate representation of how big an Acre is and doesn’t have anything to do with an acre of the land itself. You can use your land any way you want depending upon the zoning and laws and regulations of the community.

What Does an Acre of Land Cost?

Now that you know how big an acre is, you must also understand the cost of owning an acre of land, wherever it might be. In order to understand the costing of a land area, you need to know where it lies. Let’s take a look at the different costing conditions of an acre of land area.

The land is Far Away from the Center of Metropolitan City

If you’re thinking of purchasing an acre of land, the most important part is going to be the area it is situated in. The availability of basic necessities along with communities and population are also very important aspects if you’re concerned with the price of the land. The best option if you’re thinking of saving money and getting a cheaper piece of land for any reason would be to buy an acre of land away from the center of a Metropolitan area. The cost of this land is much lesser than other types of land and this piece of land works great for personal and business uses.

The land is close by to Center of Metropolitan City

The closer the piece of land is to a metropolitan city, the higher the price of the land is going to be. Whether it’s just a single acre of land or more than one acres, the land is going to be expensive in comparison to a piece of land which is situated far away from metropolitan areas where luxuries and commercial popularity is readily available.

The land is on the coast of a Metropolitan City

Agricultural or homesteading land situated on the coat of a metropolitan area is going to be incredibly expensive. This is because it is the closest to the center of business and communication within the city and almost qualifies as a commercial estate. So, only choose to buy acres of land on the coast of a metropolitan city if you’re looking for a piece of land near the city for some particular reason.

Uses of an Acre of Land

If you’re thinking of buying an acre of land, there are many different things you can choose to do with it. To give you an idea, here’s a list of things you can build and do on an acre of land.

  • Personal Living Space

The first thing that you need to do with your acre of land is to build a nice little living space. You can choose a wooden building or a conventional house for aesthetics and use it for a living when you’re fed up with the hustle and bustle of city life. It could feel really good to the stressed soul.

  • Small Farm

If you’re looking for self-sustenance and dependence, the best way to do so is to make a small home farm for yourself and your family. You can cultivate different crops and plants depending upon your liking and have a great agricultural adventure through this. It’ll be a great experience.

  • Barn and Livestock

You can actually start living in this space as well. If you’re looking for complete homesteading, you can actually start cattle farming and own livestock like cows, goats, horses, and other farm animals as well. If you’ve children who love animals, it could prove amazing for them as well actually.

  • Storage Unit

If you’re thinking of utilizing the area for business, you can actually build a storage plant and could get a contract with a company or business that would like to store their products in your plant while moving from one destination to another. This could really prove monetarily beneficial to you if you’re interested in this kind of thing.

Conclusion

The size and the area that an acre covers is actually big enough for a lot of things. However, a single acre is not essentially big enough for large farms or industrial work either. So, the best option for you owning a single acre of land would be using it for personal relaxation and homesteading. This way you’ll be able to make full use of the space you have and you’ll be able to enjoy in your land area with your friend and your family quite nicely.

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